Prof. Dr. Christian Djeffal

Tenure Track Assistant Professor for Law, Science and Technology

Law, Science and Technology

Christian Djeffal is Assistant Professor for Law, Science and Technology at the Technical University of Munich. At the Munich Center for Technology in Society and at the TUM School of Governance, he researches and lectures on the relationship between law and technology, focusing on new technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and the internet of things (IoT).

Previously, Christian Djeffal was head of the Research Unit “Global Constitutionalism and the Internet” at the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society. He received his doctorate from the Humboldt University for his thesis on “Static and Evolutive Treaty Interpretation: A Functional Reconstruction”, which was published by Cambridge University Press.

Christian Djeffal studied law at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich and at University College London. He was a visiting scholar at the Amsterdam Center for International Law at the University of Amsterdam, the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge and the Max Planck Institute for Foreign Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. He is a permanent visiting scholar at the Institute for Technology, Society, and Law at the University of Zurich.

Artificial Intelligence and the law

Artificial Intelligence describes a set of general-purpose technologies. These technologies have a variety of applications to law and constitutional issues. The opportunities and risks associated with AI must therefore be investigated and evaluated from the perspective of jurisprudence. The professorship is dedicated to clarifying and offering guidance on the relevant issues at both constitutional and regulatory levels, with respect to various AI-applications in, for example, public administration, public transport or public health.

Digitisation of Law and Jurisprudence

Digital technologies such as big data, distributed ledger technologies or artificial intelligence are changing law and jurisprudence. The professorship actively engages with these changes. It aims to provide innovative contributions towards digitising law and jurisprudence in accordance with basic principles of the constitution.

Integrative legal research

Interdisciplinary approaches in jurisprudence have a long history. At the same time, not least due to technological change, new opportunities are constantly opening up in this field. We explore new directions and emerging challenges in all areas of legal research.

Featured Publications:

  • Djeffal, C. (2020), “Artificial Intelligence and Public Governance. Normative Guidelines for Artificial Intelligence in Government and Public Administration“, in Wischmeyer, T. und Rademacher, T. (Ed.), Regulating Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 99, Springer, Wien, Berlin, New York, pp. 277–293. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32361-5_12. The whole article can be found here.
  • Djeffal, C. (2019), “AI, Democracy and the Law“, in Sudmann, A. (Ed.), The Democratization of Artificial Intelligence: Net Politics in the Era of Learning Algorithms, Digitale Gesellschaft, transcript, Bielefeld, pp. 255–284. The whole article can be found here.
  • Djeffal, C. (2018), “Künstliche Intelligenz in der öffentlichen Verwaltung“, Berichte des Nationalen E-Government Kompetenzzentrums, No. 3, pp. 1–32. DOI: 10.30418/2626-6032.2018.03. The whole article can be found here.
  • Djeffal, C. (2017), “Das Internet der Dinge und die öffentliche Verwaltung. Auf dem Weg zum automatisierten Smart Government?“, Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt, pp. 808–816. The whole article can be found here.
  • Djeffal, C. (2016), Static and Evolutive Treaty Interpretation: A Functional Reconstruction, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN: 9781107118317. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781316339558.

You can find a full list of publications here.

Current courses can be found here.

Executive tRAININGS

Christian Djeffal trains leaders from various sectors, in particular from public administration, in the field of artificial intelligence. In these trainings, he deals with technical, ethical, legal and social aspects and teaches the basics of socio-technical creativity for the design of artificial intelligence. His clients include the IT Planning Council, the Administrative Academy Berlin, the Summer School of the Partnership for Germany, the Confederation of German Employers’ Associations (BDA) and the German Trade Union Federation (DGB). The core content of the training has also been made available to a broader group of participants, for example at the Long Night of the Sciences in Berlin or for the student of the NachDenkstatt 2019 in Oldenburg (Germany).

Media Appearance

Deutschlandfunk online (2020), “Zweifel an Genauigkeit von Algorithmen bezüglich Rückfallgefahr von Straftätern”, available at:, last updated 16 February 2020 (last checked 18 June 2020).

Krempl, S. (2020), “Studie: Algorithmen prognostizieren Rückfallkriminalität besser als Laien. Big-Data-Programme können Rückfallwahrscheinlichkeiten offenbar unter gewissen Bedingungen doch genauer voraussagen als zufällig gewählte Clickworker.”,, available at:, last updated 15 February 2020 (last checked 18 June 2020).

Science Media Center Germany (2020), “Genauigkeit von Algorithmen bei Vorhersage für Risiko von Rückfallkriminalität”, available at:, last updated 14 February 2020 (last checked 18 June 2020).

Kuhn, J. (2020), „Umfrage zur Digitalisierung: Kein Vertrauen in die Digitalkompetenz von Politikern und Parteien: Deutschland zählt in vielen Untersuchungen unter den Industrienationen zu den Nachzüglern in puncto Digitalisierung. Die Verantwortung für diesen Rückstand sehen die Menschen einer Umfrage zufolge eher bei Staat und Verwaltung, weniger bei den Unternehmen.“, Deutschlandfunk,

Winterer, B. and Quaisser, W. (2020), “Neue Technologien human gestalten”, Akademie-Report (Akademie für politische Bildung Tutzing), No. 02, pp. 20–22. The whole article can be found here.

Global Solutions Journal (2019), “Sustainable development of artificial intelligence (SAID)”, available at:, last updated 24 April 2019 (last checked 18 June 2020).


Renewing the Public Sector – The Role and Potential of AI
5th Digital Future Science Match. Tagesspiegel, Hasso-Plattner-Institut, Zuse Institute Berlin. KOSMOS Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 14.05.2019. Further information

5G, IoT and AI – Addressing Digital Inclusion and Accessibility
Internet Governance Forum 2018. Internet Governance Forum of the United Nations. UNESCO Headquaters, Paris, Frankreich, 14.11.2018. Further information

Streitgespräch zum Für und Wider von Künstlicher Intelligenz (KI) und ihrem Einsatz in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit
Digital Kontrovers. Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). Repräsentanz der GIZ, Berlin, Germany, 12.11.2018. Further information

Artificial Intelligence, Ethics and the Future of Work
European Dialogue on Internet Governance. Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia, Small and Medium Telecom Operator’s Association of Georgia, Georgian National Communications Commission. Rooms Hotel, Tbilisi, Georgi, 06.06.2018. Further information

Maschinendämmerung. Fragen an eine (nicht mehr zu) ferne Zukunft
Ethik und Künstliche Intelligenz. re:publica. Lichthof des Auswärtigen Amts, Berlin, Germany, 01.06.2018.

Artificial Intelligence: Goverance and Inclusion
RightsCon Toronto 2018. Access Now. Beanfield Centre, Toronto, Canada, 18.05.2018. Further information

Moderation of workshops and panels

Agents, Actants and AI
Association of Internet Researchers Conference 2018: Transnational Materialities. Le Centre Sheraton Montréal Hotel, Montréal, Canada, 12.10.2018.

Artificial intelligence for good: Strategies to open the black box of algorithmic decision-making
Shaping a digital future for all: Our voice, our data, our privacy. Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). GIZ Representative Office Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 14.06.2018. Further information

Organisation of events

Transatlantic Conference: Building Common Approaches for Cybersecurity and Privacy in a Globalized World
From 01.10.2018 to 03.10.2018. NYU School of Law, Berlin, Germany (International). Further information

Digital Identity, Citizenship and Democracy in Europe Kick-Off Event
Kick-Off Event: Digital Identity, Citizenship and Democracy in Europe. 20.08.2018. Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft, Berlin, Germany (International).

Das Ende der Transparenz?
Lange Nacht der Wissenschaften 2018. 09.06.2018. Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft, Berlin, Germany. Co-Organised by: Lange Nacht der Wissenschaften Berlin + Potsdam (National). Further information

Digital Identity, Global Citizenship and the Future of Democracy Workshop
17.05.2018. Sirius Minds, Berlin, Germany (International).

Track III: In law we trust – in IoT we trust?
IoT & Trust. From 23.02.2017 to 23.02.2017. Alexander von Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft, Berlin, Germany (International).

Vom E-Government zum Smart Government?
From 01.12.2016 to 02.12.2016. Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft, Berlin, Germany (National).

Participation as expert

Das digitalisierte Anthropozän
Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung, Globale Umweltveränderungen. Umweltforum, Berlin, Germany, 20.06.2018.

Gute Künstliche Intelligenz (KI) in der öffentlichen Verwaltung gestalten: Ein Führungskräftetraining
Verwaltungsakademie Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 31.05.2018. Further information

Künstliche Intelligenz in der öffentlichen Verwaltung
Zukunft Digitalisierung Partnerschaft Deutschland, Hertie School of Government. Akademie Schmöckwitz, Berlin, Germany, 22.09.2018.

Lectures & Presentations

Djeffal, Christian (2020): KI und Nachhaltigkeit // AI and sustainability. Ethik in der künstlichen Intelligenz. 12. Forum Menschenwürdige Wirtschaftsordnung. Tutzing, Germany, 07.03.2020.

Djeffal, Christian (2020): Digitale Transformation und die Künstliche Intelligenz // Digital Transformation and Artificial Intelligence. Ringvorlesung Digitale Transformation der Gesellschaft. Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität. Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät. Münster, Germany, 15.01.2020.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): AI, Innovation and the public sector. Artificial Intelligence – Between Panacea and Skynet. Universität Bremen. Bremen, Germany, 27.09.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Sustainable AI Development (SAID). DATA POWER: global in/securities. Universität Bremen. Bremen, Germany, 12.09.2019. Retrieved from

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Übersetzungen durch Künstliche Intelligenz // Translation by Artifical Intelligence. Zweite Wissenschaftliche Konferenz Staatsmodernisierung und Verwaltungstransformation. NEGZ. Kiel, Germany, 09.09.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Normative Guidelines For Artificial Intelligence. 10th Brazilian – German Frontiers of Science and Technology Symposium. Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung. Munich, Germany, 08.09.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Sustainable AI development and public administration. Research Colloquium on Innovation in the Public Sphere. Hertie School of Governance. Berlin, Germany, 18.04.2019. Retrieved from

Djeffal, Christian (2019): AI, Human Rights, Governance. UCD Sutherland School of Law. Dublin, Ireland, 04.04.2019.


Djeffal, Christian (2019): Value-sensitive Design Stories: Vom rechtlichen Prinzip in die Wirklichkeit // Value-sensitive Design Stories: From legal principle to reality. Zweite Fachkonferenz „Integrierte Forschung“. Netzwerk Integrierte Forschung. Leipzig, 26.11.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Law, Science and Technology. Visitors Programme of the Federal Republic of Germany. Munich, 22.11.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Diskussionsrunde KI // Panel Discussion AI. Kunden- und Infoveranstaltung des ITZBund. ITZ Bund – Informationstechnikzentrum Bund. Artrium Britische Botschaft, Berlin, 26.09.2019.

Testimony as Expert

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Sustainability, Digitisation, Europe. Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen. Nauen, 13.05.2019.

Trainings & Workshops

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Designing Good AI. Transatlantic Sync Conference. Silicon Valley, 27.10.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Power & Control of New Technologies. Munich Politics Network 2019. Munich, 19.11.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Rechtliche Voraussetzungen des Einsatzes von KI in der öffentlichen Verwaltung // Legal Prerequisites for Applying AI in the Public Administration. KI-Werkstatt -Künstliche Intelligenz: Von der Strategie zur Umsetzung. msg systems. Berlin, Germany, 13.11.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Verwaltungszukünfte mit künstlicher Intelligenz // The Futures of Administration with artificial intelligence. Smart Country Convention. Berlin, 22.10.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Wohin geht die Reise? Menschen, Führung und KI // Where are we going to? People, leadership and AI. Staatsmodernisierung und Verwaltungstransformation. NEGZ Herbsttagung 2019. Berlin, 22.10.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Künstliche Intelligenz und die Gestaltung der Zukunft der Arbeit // Artificial Intelligence and Structuring the Future of Work. Digi-Days der Regionaldirektion Niedersachsen-Bremem. Bundesagentur für Arbeit. Hannover, Germany, 30.09.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Die digitale öffentliche Verwaltung // Digital Public Administration. HVG-Konferenz 2019. Kommunale Datenverarbeitungszentrale. Wershofen/Eifel, Germany, 26.09.2019.

Djeffal, Christian (2019): Veränderungen der Lebenswelt durch neue Technologien // Changes in the living environment through new technologies. Darmstädter Jurisitische Gesellschaft. Darmstadt, 08.05.2019.


You can find a full list of lectures here.

Member of the Board of the National E-Government Competence Center (NEGZ)


  • Arbeitskreis Open Government
  • Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Wirtschaftliche Verwaltung (AWV)
  • Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR)
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Rechtsinformatik (DGRI)
  • International Institut of Administrative Sciences (IIAS)
  • Hütten Stipendium zur Teilnahme an der Academy of International Law
  • Studienförderung der Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes